November 22, 2020 Analysis of USA state data: New hospitalization data

A new data source for hospitalization data has been made available by the US HHS here

The plots shown in this summary can be compared to similar plots that used data from the Covid Tracking Project.

Summary

Infection trajectory

For each state, its infection trajectory can be summarized by the observed exponential growth in cases or exponential growth in hospitalization. The plot below compares the current inferred growth rate (in % per day) for each state measured in these two ways. For many states the hospitalization growth (from HHS data) is remarkably close to the case growth.

delta_compare

Fraction hospitalized

To match the hospitalization data with the trajectory estimated from the case data the model parameter for hospitalization fraction is adjusted. The following plot compares the values for that parameter for each state, when using covid tracking project hospitalization data (where available) and when using the HHS data.

hosp_frac_compare

For many states the fraction is significantly larger when using the HHS data. Histograms for the two data samples are shown below.

hosp_frac_covid_tracking

Covid tracking project: mean fraction = 0.042

hosp_frac_hhs

HHS data: mean fraction = 0.064 Overall hospitalization is about 50% larger in the HHS data.

Mean hospital stay (days)

The HHS data has both daily hospitalizations and current hospital occupancy data for every state. Having both, allows one to infer the mean stay for patients.

The Covid Tracking Project provided one or both of these data for many states.

The inferred mean hospital stay time is found to be much more consistent with the HHS data, compared to the Covid Tracking Project data, as shown in the figures below. The only outlier in the HHS data is for the state of Rhode Island.

Inferred from the covid tracking project data:

hosp_covid_tracking

Inferred from the US HHS data:

hosp_hhs

Individual state fits

The plots below show the case / hospitalization / deaths data for all 50 states, DC, and PR. The infection trajectory is determined by fits to the cumulative case data. The data fits were done using data up until November 21.

The left figures show the daily cases, hospitalization, and deaths on a log scale, since July 1. The green points are the case data, the stars show the weekly average, and the green curve is the fit of the model to the case data. Hospitalization and deaths are in grey and purple.

For states where the hospitalization indicates a different trajectory, the growth is inferred from the hospitalization data.

The right figures highlight the in-hospitalization numbers (hospital occupancy) in teal. The curve shows the model prediction with the growth inferred from cases (or hospitalization). A single parameter, the mean stay in hospital, is adjusted to fit the data. That parameter value is shown in the histogram above.

Alaska

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Alabama

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Arkansas

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Arizona

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California

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Colorado

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Connecticut

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District Of Columbia

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Delaware

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Florida

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Georgia

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Hawaii

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Iowa

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Idaho

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Illinois

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Indiana

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Kansas

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Kentucky

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Louisiana

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Massachusetts

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Maryland

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Maine

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Michigan

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Minnesota

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Missouri

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Mississippi

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Montana

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North Carolina

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North Dakota

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Nebraska

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New Hampshire

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New Jersey

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New Mexico

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Nevada

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New York

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Ohio

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Oklahoma

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Oregon

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Pennsylvania

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Puerto Rico

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Rhode Island

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South Carolina

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South Dakota

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Tennessee

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Texas

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Utah

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Virginia

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Vermont

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Washington

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Wisconsin

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West Virginia

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Wyoming

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