July 24, 2022 Analysis of EU national data
This is an update to the analysis approach first used for July 17 data. See the description from that page for background about the analysis. The method uses hospital admission data alone to estimate population immunity by the shape of the BA.2 wave.
Model fits to data
The figures below show the fit of the simple model to six nations. Unlike the previous week’s data, there appears to be good evidence that the BA.5 wave has recently peaked in hospital admissions. As a result, the 8th parameter (the immunity escape fraction for BA.5) is also fit to data.
Comparing the evolution of the susceptible fractions
The following plot shows how the susceptible fraction of the populations change with increasing infections on a log scale. Those who are infected are removed from the “original” susceptible population shown by the solid lines. Of those, the fit fraction are added to the “escape” susceptible population (susceptible only to BA.4/5 infections) shown by the dotted lines.
The decline in susceptible fraction is set by the fit to the BA.2 wave.
When the escape susceptible population is larger than the original susceptible population, most of the new BA.4/5 infections come from reinfections.
|Country||alpha (BA.2)||alpha (BA.4/5)||escape frac||hosp frac|
- alpha: transmission rate
- escape frac: fraction of BA.1 and BA.2 infections that BA.4/5 infections can escape
- hosp frac: fraction of infections that are collected by hospital admissions