February 7, 2021 Analysis of Canadian provincial data

All provinces except PEI (which has very few cases) are fit to the reference model 2.8. The plots show the trajectory of the epidemic since October 1. The plots on the left show the daily case numbers (green points) and deaths (purple points) along with the weekly averages (stars) on a log scale. The plots on the right show the number of people in hospital on a linear scale.

The trajectory of hospitalization in several provinces departed from the expected trends at the beginning of December. This is in stark contrast to the behaviour seen in most German and US states (posted in this area).

Forecasts for the coming month are provided, assuming no general change in behaviour. For example, Ontario brought in additional measures into force on Dec 26, and a major change in the infection trajectory followed. The shaded regions show the 50%, 80%, and 95% CL intervals.

Forecasts from a previous analysis in January is compared with the most recent data.

BC

A better analysis here uses corrected data (including Saturday and Sunday numbers) and shows the breakdowns by health region.

bc

Alberta

ab

Saskatchewan

sk

Manitoba

mb

Ontario

on

Quebec

qc

New Brunswick

nb

Newfoundland

nl

Nova Scotia

ns

Tables

The tables below are results from the fits to reference model 2.6.

Recent growth rates (δ : percent per day)

prov δ day δ day δ day δ
bcc 0.1 +/- 0.3 Oct 11 4.3 +/- 0.2 Nov 16 -1.7 +/- 0.2    
ab 1.9 +/- 0.3 Oct 04 4.1 +/- 0.0 Nov 28 -1.6 +/- 0.1 Jan 11 -2.9 +/- 0.8
sk 5.2 +/- 0.3 Nov 20 0.3 +/- 0.2        
mb 5.7 +/- 0.2 Nov 07 -1.1 +/- 0.3        
on 5.2 +/- 0.3 Sep 26 1.9 +/- 0.0 Jan 09 -3.7 +/- 2.2    
qc 7.3 +/- 0.6 Sep 27 -0.1 +/- 0.2 Nov 16 2.3 +/- 0.1 Dec 31 -2.6 +/- 1.0
ns 0.4 +/- 0.7 Oct 12 7.5 +/- 3.6 Nov 16 -2.9 +/- 0.9    

Infection status

The following plots summarize the infection history. The upper plot shows the daily growth/decline from the fit. Bands show approximate 95% CL intervals. The lower plot shows the size of the infection: the uncorrected circulating contagious population per million. Only regions with sufficient statistics to properly analyze uncertainty in δ are shown.

BC

bc

Alberta

ab

Saskatchewan

sk

Manitoba

mb

Ontario

on

Quebec

qc

Nova Scotia

ns

Forecasts

The following plots show the forecasts for weekly cases and deaths. The shaded regions show the 50%, 80%, and 95% CL intervals.

Also shown are the forecasts made on Jan 19, 2021. For those plots, the recent data (not available at the time of the forecast) are overlayed as black stars.

Canada

canada

BC

current forecast

bc

Jan 19 forecast

bc

Alberta

current forecast

ab

Jan 19 forecast

ab

Saskatchewan

current forecast

sk

Jan 19 forecast

sk

Manitoba

current forecast

mb

Jan 19 forecast

mb

Ontario

current forecast

on

Jan 19 forecast

on

Quebec

current forecast

qc

Jan 19 forecast

qc

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